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俄罗斯准备建造第一艘LNG燃料破冰船
举报2021-09-08 11:14:36 来源:中国石化新闻网

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据天然气加工和液化天然气2021年9月6日报道,俄罗斯金属矿业巨头Nornickel公司表示,该公司将参与俄罗斯首艘双燃料液化天然气和柴油破冰船的设计和建造,为在环境敏感的北极地区扩大产能做好准备。


俄罗斯拥有一支核动力破冰船队,长期以来一直考虑用液化天然气燃料破冰船将东北海上航道开发成一条从北极水域出发的国际航道。


全球最大的钯和镍生产商Nornickel公司周五表示,将与俄罗斯国家原子能公司(Rosatom)以及俄罗斯石油巨头俄罗斯石油公司(Rosneft)的造船部门合作,共同参与这个项目。


他们计划设计和建造新的破冰船,以护送Nornickel公司的货物进出其北极资产。 目前,从11月到次年6月,破冰船需要在北极清理出一条航道,以便船只通过。


俄罗斯国家原子能公司今年7月表示,将再次研究建造液化天然气动力破冰船的可能性,但尚未透露任何合作伙伴。


俄罗斯国家原子能公司之前的计划是在2018年签署的一份谅解协议,其中包括俄罗斯第2大天然气生产商诺瓦泰克,后者在北极有几个液化天然气项目。


这艘液化天然气破冰船将取代其将于2027-2029年退役的旧破冰船。Nornickel公司将在2022-2025年投入巨资提高产量和改善环境性能。


Nornickel公司正在为自己的需求生产天然气,该公司也在液化天然气动力技术上押下赌注,因为它认为这种燃料对环境的危害小于柴油,而柴油的二氧化碳足迹更高,而且难以储存。


Nornickel公司表示,目前还没有对破冰船项目成本的估计,并补充称,建造合同草案将在2022年年中前准备就绪。


李峻 编译自 天然气加工和液化天然气


原文如下:


Russia prepares for first LNG-fueled icebreaker


Metals miner Nornickel said it will participate in the design and building of Russia's first dual-fuel LNG and diesel icebreaker to prepare for more capacity in the environmentally sensitive Arctic region.


Russia, which has a fleet of nuclear-powered icebreakers, has long considered LNG-powered icebreaking ships to develop the Northeast Sea Route into an international shipping lane from Arctic waters.


Nornickel, the world's largest palladium and nickel producer, said on Friday it will team up with Rosatom, the state operator of the route, and the shipbuilding arm of Russian oil giant Rosneft for the project.


They plan to design and build the new icebreaker to escort ships carrying Nornickel's cargo to and from its Arctic assets. Icebreakers are currently needed to clear a channel from November to June to allow ships to pass.


Russian state nuclear energy firm Rosatom said in July that it was again looking into the possibility of building LNG-powered icebreakers but was yet to disclose any partners.


Rosatom's previous plan, signed as an agreement of understanding in 2018, included gas producer Novatek, which has several LNG projects in the Arctic.


The LNG icebreaker will replace its older vessel, which is due to decommissioned in 2027–2029. The company will be investing heavily in higher production and improved environmental performance in 2022-2025.


Nornickel, which is producing gas for its own needs, is also making a bet on LNG-powered technology as it sees the fuel as less harmful to the environment than diesel, which has a higher CO2 footprint and is difficult to store.


There is no estimate of the cost of the icebreaker project as of yet, Nornickel said, adding that a draft contract for construction would be ready by mid-2022.

 

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